On cancer prevention activities in Lithuanian Oncology Center

J Didziapetriene, PhD, B Kazbariene, PhD, S Uleckiene, PhD, L Griciute, MD, PhD, E Monceviciute-Eringiene, MD, PhD, M Stukonis, MD, PhD

Clinic of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Lithuanian Oncology Center, Vilnius, Lithuania.

The problem of malignant tumours is one of the priorities in the whole Lithuanian health care system. Number of new cancer cases increases every year. During one generation cancer burden has almost doubled: from 7030 cases in 1978 to 14039 cases in 2000. Cancer as a cause of the death takes the second place in mortality structure of Lithuania (17%). The main goal of cancer care system is to implement modern cancer prevention, screening methods in between. Therefore, the objectives of Clinic of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention of Lithuanian Oncology Center are to organize and carry on primary, secondary and tertiary cancer prevention. The Clinic consists of 4 groups: Cancer Epidemiology (the objective to develop occupational cohort studies), Preventive Immunology (the objective to search for endogenic risk factors for oncological and other diseases, to develop conception: Cancer as an evolutionary cell variety resistant to chronic damage), Experimental Carcinogenesis (the objective to study various chemical compounds for eventual carcinogenicity and anticarcinogenicity), Biochemical Pharmacology (the objective to evaluate changes of oxidative stress in some occupational groups and to initiate research on biomarkers of process). In general, our activities are oriented to implementation of some measures making use of epidemiologic, experimental and laboratory data.

Paper presented at the International Symposium on Predictive Oncology and Intervention Strategies; Paris, France; February 9 - 12, 2002; in the section on Prevention.